Golfer’s elbow, also known as medial epicondylitis


  • Golfer’s elbow occurs when there is inflammation of the tendons on the inner part of the elbow from a form of increased workload or overuse of the affected arm. 
  • Over time these attachment sites can degenerate and weaken, placing increased strain on the forearm and wrist muscles which work to flex the wrist and fingers.

What do I feel?

  • The pain associated with golfer’s elbow is generally localised at the inside of the elbow, on the bony landmark called the medial epicondyle, pain can often radiate into the forearm and wrist.
  • Tenderness to touch on the inner edge of the elbow or a general feeling of achiness.  
  • Tightness or tenderness of the muscles in the forearm.
  • People may experience some weakness and inability to perform some of their normal activities of daily living, many individuals can experience pain with lifting, pulling, gripping or even shaking hands.

What can I do?

  • Conservative (non-surgical) treatment involves resting and avoiding the repetitive actions which cause the pain as most as possible. A therapist can help you identify what activities may be aggravating your symptoms and discuss activity or postural modifications.
  • A therapist may fabricate a customised brace or offer an off the shelf support if recommended to rest the wrist flexors. They will also customise a rehabilitation programme often consisting of stretching and strengthening exercises.
  • Various treatments can be utilised alongside these exercises such as heat/ice, soft tissue massage and ultrasound imaging.
  • Other modalities utilised can include anti-inflammatory medications prescribed by a physician or an injection.

The recovery time for golfers’ elbow can vary person to person depending on a range of factors including:

  • Initial level/stage of pain or inflammation
  • Daily activity level
  • The frequency, intensity and method of occupations and/or hobbies
  • Compliance to a customised rehabilitation programme